Geese, Ducks and
Geese in Japanese Literature and Culture
Hyakujo (724-814) one day went out attending his master
A flock of wild geese was seen flying and Baso asked,
“What are they?”
“They are wild geese, sir.”
“Whither are they flying?”
“They have flown away, sir?”
Baso abruptly taking hold of Hyakujo’s nose gave it a twist. Overcome
with pain, Hyakujo cried aloud, “Oh! Oh!”
“You said they have flown away,” Baso said, but all the same they have
been here from the very beginning.”
This made Hyakujo’s back wet with perspiration.
He had satori.
Baso’s approach can therefore be called a direct method of awakening in
Practitioners of Zen Buddhism attain satori through personal experience:
Satori (悟り) (Chinese: 悟;
pinyin: wù; Korean 오)
is a Japanese Buddhist term
for "enlightenment." The word literally means "understanding." "Satori"
translates as a flash of
sudden awareness, or individual enlightenment, and while satori is from
the Zen Buddhist tradition, enlightenment can
be simultaneously considered "the first step" or embarkation toward nirvana.
Satori is typically juxtaposed with a related term known as kensho,
which translates as "seeing one's nature." Kensho experiences tend to be
briefer glimpses, while satori is considered to be a deeper spiritual
experience. Satori is as well an intuitive experience and has been
described as being similar to awakening one day with an additional pair
of arms, and only later learning how to use them
2: Moon Goose
Kida Kado 1802-1879
Late Edo (Bakumatsu) to Early Meiji Period artist.
Kida was born in 1802 in the famous village of Sekigahara, Fuwa-gun
(known for the battle in 1600) in Gifu prefecture. His other names were
Hakuju,Yuchikusekikyo, and Hansen-o. In his early years he went to Kyoto
to study under the Kishi sect of painting under the noted master Kishi
Ganku and Gantai. After his study he travels around Northern Japan for
20 years and met with reknowned scholars and other bunjin. Around
1848-1859, Kida settles in Nagoya city Hiroi. His elegant and simple
paintings made his a respected artist of the Kishi sect and gained many
disciples and even the approval of the Lord of Owari where he was
assigned to be the resident artist for the clan. There are many of his
works left in Nagoya Castle.
It was known that Kida favoured simple life and writing poetry, even his
daily schedule was simple: he would wake up early in the morning and for
the entire morning would be busy doing paintings and designing his next
works and would stop around the lunch hour. In the afternoon he would
meet with his guests and would read books. He also would exchange his
ideas and thoughts with like minded friends and enjoyed antiques and
tea. He never cared how much people would pay for his paintings, his
most enjoyment was that people would take interest in his paintings and
enjoy his style.
In his later years he started to hate the excitement of the city and
moved to Otobashi, south of the city. Even so, many people continued to
request his paintings until his death in 1879. He was 78 years old.
The early 20th century scroll painter Kado created this wonderful
evocation of a Goose flying in moonlight. in1930
The scroll is
damaged and the painting needed to be treated to remove some of the
creases. This work took place in July 2010. It is a lot of work so we
are not rushing this project. The scroll mounts will be similar to the
original scroll mount colours.
With a box this scroll is £375
A little note, there is a Koumei in records, but this Koumei
is an earlier period around late Meiji to early Showa
period. The second Koumei I found was a latter Showa artist
known as Ikeda Koumei but he specializes in Buddhist art and
This is what the scroll looked like before restoration. The mounts
were badly damaged and the painting was very creased.
A little hard to read and the seal is very light, but I think this is
Koumei. The theme moon and goose is known to represent autumn where the
geese are heading south and the moon usually is related to the month of
September during the 15th night where offerings of small dumplings and
autumn grass is set on the window or the terrace like area where
the moon is visible and celebrates the coming of autumn.
This scroll has been restored with new silk mounts. The originals were
badly damaged. We will keep to the original colours of the mounts.
With a box this beautiful scroll is £225
A little note, there is a Koumei in records, but this Koumei is an
earlier period around late Meiji to early Showa period. The second
Koumei I found was a latter Showa artist known as Ikeda Koumei but he
specializes in Buddhist art and landscapes.
This is what the scroll looked like before professional restoration
And this is after restoration
Wader-A summer Scroll. A new set of Silks was needed for this very old
circa 1850 scroll. £225 NM
Hashimoto Kansetsu (橋本関雪,
1883-1945) Pair of Geese.
a painter of nihonga (Japanese-style
paintings) who was active in the Kyoto art
world during the Showa and Taisho eras.
Born in Kobe,
he was the son of the painter Hashimoto
Kaikan, from whom he gained a love of Chinese culture. He studied at Chikujokai,
a private school established by the famous nihonga painter Takeuchi
Seiho(1864-1842), but eventually withdrew due to differences of opinion.
He visited Europe in 1921 and after that spent part of almost every year
in China. Many of his paintings were inspired by Chinese scenery or
Chinese classical literature. His former residence in Kyoto is
now a museum of his work called the Hakusasonso (白沙村荘), or Hashimoto Kansetsu
Recently restored with a period Kimono
silk in a water plant pattern covered box. £190
4: Yamamoto Baiitsu [also
known as Yamamoto
Shinryo; Baiitsu; Baika; Gyokuzen]
1783; d Nagoya,
1856). Japanese painter. He was the son of a sculptor, who
worked for the Owari clan. He probably first studied with
Yamamoto Ranei, a minor Kano school artist, who later switched
to painting ukiyoe (‘pictures
of the floating world’). It is said that another early teacher
when Baiitsu was a child was
Yamada Kyujo (1747–93), a prominent exponent of literati (Jap. Nanga or Bunjinga)
painting in Nagoya, who died when Baiitsu was only ten years
old. However, it is more likely that Baiitsu studied under Cho Gessho
(1770–1832), a Shijo school painter
who was a pupil of Kyujo. Baiitsu also claimed to have been
influenced by the Nagoya artist Tanaka Totsugen (1767–1823),
founder of the Yamatoe revival
(Fukko Yamatoe) movement. The most formative influence on
Baiitsu’s approach to painting was that of his mentor, the
merchant and collector Kamiya Ten’yu (1710–1801), who also
patronized other literati painters, including Nakabayashi
Chikuto (1776–1853). Baiitsu studied and copied Ten’yu’s
collection of Chinese paintings of the Yuan (1279–1368) to Qing
(1644–1911) periods, a practice he continued throughout his
career and it is that influence that has given this scroll a
slightly Chinese similarity. He was also instructed by Ten'yu in Chinese painting
methodology and, under his guidance, developed an interest in a
variety of literati pursuits, including the collecting and
connoisseurship of Chinese painting, the preparing of tea in
Chinese style (sencha) and the writing of Japanese
classical verse (waka) and Chinese-style poetry. This
wonderful scroll encompasses all of this formative education and
is an outstanding example of Baiitsu's creative ability.
Yamamoto Ryo sha and
sealed 1783-1856 68x13.2 Mandarins
with Box £750
price for this artist is between 2 and 3 thousand dollars
14: The Heron. .by Unkei. Recently
remounted and restored. The silk mounts are antique Kimono Silk of
Willow branches with a fan to emphasis being cool in hot weather. The
silk is beautiful and comes with a matching box in the same silk .
15: The Herons Painted by the renowned artist Hoyo in 1900
A truly beautiful scroll.
With specially made box covered in Antique Kimono Silk £190
Miyake Kazumitsu(b1939) Kingfisher and Bamboo 20X72.4
Original artists Box. Sold
Pair of Kamo. Mallard ducks in winter. Ducks
remain faithful to each other when in pairs and this painting
also symbolises a good marriage.
This is an original 1920's Japanese watercolour painting on paper. It has now been mounted onto
a small card for display with Shikishi Scroll.ts
Painting size: 29 x 6.1cm 11.5x2.4
Signed lower right, stamp verso explaining it
was hand painted in Tokyo and retailed by
Matsumoto Studio, London who
were active in the 1920's
Nota Bene: The Matsumoto Studio are listed in
the 1921 Directory of London
as picture dealers, Chester Road, Kennington which dates the
painting firmly to the 1920's
I have a few of their paintings mounted onto cards.
These are also suitable for mounting into frames.
The Dawn-A Cockerel crows
A painting done circa1900 of a cockerel crowing on top of a hen house.
Approach of dawn with a rising sun through morning clouds.
Painted on traditional Washi Paper and silk scroll mountings.
Bone Scroll ends
76.5 x 20.4 inches- 195 x 52cms
Including Box. £225