the art of framing pictures and calligraphy.
In Japanese this means decorating the surface.
The art form
to Japan from China along with Buddhism around the later sung
Is a set of techniques, materials and tools for beautiful and
durable framing a picture or calligraphy.
Created in this technique works are vertical scrolls - kakemono,
horizontal scrolls - makimono, screens - byobu,
sliding doors - fusuma, albums and more.
Persistence in making these frameworks is guaranteed by using
the highest quality
fabrics and unique characteristics of Japanese paper washi.
Paper - Washi is produced by hand according to
which comes in many varieties (GAMPI, GOYU, KIZUKI,
Miraculous properties of this paper come from a long fiber plant
extracted from specific species of plants - mainly mulberry (kozo). This
is the plant used to feed silkworms.
Gluing fixtures used vegetable adhesives (Shohfu-nori,
The raw material for their production is mainly starch, wheat or
Drying image is mounted on a special plate
- KARIBARI made of wood, covered with layers of
and soaked in juice from green persimonów.
world expert in HYOGU - HYOGUSHI - is Mr.
For application of adhesives and surfacing used
broad brush- nazebake, noribake, mizubake, tsukemawashi.
example assembly sequence kakemono:
1. Thin paper glued image "KISUKI",
2. Cutting strips of fabric and forming the shape of these
3. Connection (bonding) zone of the image with the lighting of
4. Strengthening the whole paper , "misu",
5. Curl edges of the fabric,
6. Glued underneath the thick paper, the whole picture , "UDA"
7. Drying on a wooden box for 10 days
8. Cleaning the edges and mounting rods and ribbons.
CONSTRUCTION OF IMAGES:
The basic picture or calligraphy mounted in the center is
The entire outer frame is called hyoushi.
Upper and lower belt is chuuberi.
As a rule, the upper belt is two times wider than the lower
Best silk fabric used for the implementation of thin strips, ie, Ichimonji.
They represent the golden accents highlighting the image.
vertical strips hanging above the upper edge of the image,made
when the image is wrapped.
a small ornamental tufts at the ends of thread stretched futai.
MORE DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE IMAGE OF CONSTRUCTION:
TYPES OF RIMS USED IN KYOTO (Kyo-hyogu):
1. Butsugu-Hyogu - a form of Buddhism,
2. Hon-Hyogu - a form of normal
3. Maru-Hyogu (Bunjin-Hyogu)
4.5. Chagake - a form for the tea ceremony.
Details of the various styles of Scroll
HOUSING YAMATO HYOGU
HOUSING BUTSUGA HYOGU
HOUSING BUNJIN HYOGU
HYOGU IS ALSO USED TO REPAIR OLD DAMAGED PAINTINGS:
Jiku - decorative rod ends
Most are wooden rod ends - stained, varnished or coated with
lacquer. Sometimes the tips are made of bamboo, horn or
plastic. Rarely meets decorated e.g. copper, porcelain and
Copper jiku for binding Butsu-hyogu
Fittings for binding Butsu-hyogu
FUCHIN - WEIGHTS
Decorative weights - fuchin assumed the rod tip kakemono,
When you want to straighten a picture or a long convoluted
prevent it from
moving through air (drafts). Weights are made of semi-precious
stones, ceramics and decorative cords.
KIRIBAKO - box kakemono
Box is made of wood paulownia. This ensures
resistance to pests and lightness of the box. Boxes an also be
decorated with kanji characters written by the artists of the
painting and often gives more information than the signature and
seal on the scroll itself. These are called Artists Boxes.
While we do not normally handle Screen prints we occasionally
have a couple in our collection at Tokonomascrolls.com but
these are well stated and never shown to suggest that these are
anything other than screen prints. Sometimes a Screen Printed
Scroll has been made by the artist and even added to with colour
by the hand of that artist. In the case of a popular scroll or
scroll subject, these may well be outstanding examples of an
artwork that was screened by the artist themselves. We do not
handle modern reproductions of any work from an earlier period.
The only screen prints that we occasionally have are screened
works done at the time of the artist when they were alive. In
all cases these will be clearly identified. We have extremely
few of these in any case as we prefer to handle original works
We sometimes have embroidery scrolls by kimono embroider makers
who make an embroidery based on the work of a famous artist.
These are not screen prints or painted by made from silk thread
and clearly embroidered scrolls. These are, however, very rare
in our collection.
About the technique of Screen printing
Screen Printing and Silk Screen are in fact the same thing. It
is referred to as Screen Printing since you use a screen to
press the ink through small holes applying it to your apparel.
It is also referred to as Silk Screen since the screens you use
are similar to silk. So Silk Screen/Screen Printing are the same
Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven mesh
to support an ink-blocking stencil . The attached stencil forms
open areas of mesh that transfer ink or other printable
materials which can be pressed through the mesh as a sharp-edged
image onto a substrate . A roller or squeegee is moved across
the screen stencil, forcing or pumping ink past the threads of
the woven mesh in the open areas.
Screen printing is also a stencil method of print making in
which a design is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine
mesh, with blank areas coated with an impermeable substance, and
ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface. It is
also known as silkscreen, serigraphy, and serigraph printing.
There are various terms used for what is essentially the same
technique. Traditionally the process was called screen printing
or silkscreen printing because silk was used in the process.
Currently, synthetic threads are commonly used in the screen
printing process. The most popular mesh in general use is made
of polyester. There are special-use mesh materials of nylon and
stainless steel available to the screen printer.
Cite: Some of the excellent Scroll making
information used in this article is by permission of Restorient.