THE RIMPA SCHOOL
The name Rimpa is associated with the style of Ogata Korin (1658-1716), who is acclaimed for his innovative design and large, gorgeous works. (Rim comes from "rin" in Korin, the artist, and "pa" means school.) Shinsaku Munakata, curator of an exhibit on Rimpa school art at the Idemitsu Museum in Tokyo told the Daily Yomiuri, Rimpa artists did not have rigid blood ties or discipline.He states that. 'As red past artists, they drew freely and adventurously. This is why there is such a great variety of Rimpa works," . Rimpa School artists famous for their use of gold backgrounds include Honami Koetsu (1558-1637), Tawaraya Sotatsu (active in the late 16th-early 17th centuries), Korin and his younger brother Kenzan (1663-1743). Among the artists who preferred to use silver rather than gold were the Edo (Tokyo)-based artists Sakai Hoitsu (1761-1828) and his student Suzuki Kiitsu (1796-1858), who revived Korin's style about a century he died but hdeveloped lighter, refined works.
The difference between Shijo and Rimpa Schools:
Keibun Matsumura (1779 - 1843) Born in Kyoto.His given name is Naoharu, another pen name is Kakei.
Studied the Shijo-ha style painting under his older brother the great Goshun. Good at painting Flowers & Birds pictures. Succeeded to his brother and led the prosperity of the Shijo style painting school.
Wako KIKU Tall Chrysanthemum.77x24 Miyake Wako
What is Rimpa?
Rinpa (琳派 Rinpa), is one of the major historical schools of Japanese
painting. It was created in 17th century Kyoto by Hon'ami Kōetsu (1558–1637)
and Tawaraya Sōtatsu (d. c.1643). Roughly fifty years later, the style was
consolidated by brothers Ogata Kōrin (1658–1716) and Ogata Kenzan
The term "Rinpa" is an abbreviation consisting of the last syllable from
"Kōrin" with the word for school (派 ha) (with rendaku changing this to
"pa"), coined in the Meiji period. Previously, the style was referred to
variously as the Kōetsu school (光悦派 Kōetsu-ha), or Kōetsu-Kōrin school
(光悦光琳派 Kōetsu-Kōrin-ha), or the Sōtatsu-Kōrin school (宗達光琳派
Hon'ami Kōetsu founded an artistic community of craftsmen supported by
wealthy merchant patrons of the Nichiren Buddhist sect at Takagamine in
northeastern Kyoto in 1615. Both the affluent merchant town elite and the
old Kyoto aristocratic families favored arts which followed classical
traditions, and Kōetsu obliged by producing numerous works of ceramics,
calligraphy and lacquerware.
His collaborator, Tawaraya Sōtatsu maintained an atelier in Kyoto and
produced commercial paintings such as decorative fans and folding screens.
Sōtatsu also specialized in making decorated paper with gold or silver
backgrounds, to which Kōetsu assisted by adding calligraphy.
Both artists came from families of cultural significance; Kōetsu came from a
family of swordsmiths who had served the imperial court and the great
warlords, Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, in addition to the Ashikaga
shōguns. Kōetsu's father evaluated swords for the Maeda clan, as did Kōetsu
himself. However, Kōetsu was less concerned with swords as opposed to
painting, calligraphy, lacquerwork, and the Japanese tea ceremony (he
created several Raku Ware tea bowls.) His own painting style was flamboyant,
recalling the aristocratic style of the Heian period.
Sōtatsu also pursued the classical Yamato-e genre as Kōetsu, but pioneered a
new technique with bold outlines and striking color schemes. One his most
famous works are the folding screens ”Wind and Thunder Gods" (風神雷神図 Fūjin
Raijin-zu) at Kennin-ji temple in Kyoto and "Matsushima" ( 松島) at the Freer
Bird on Kiku-Crysanthemum 1900 72.9x23.8 £195 Painted by Daiuater
Department of Asian Art. "Rinpa Painting Style". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–.http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/rinp/hd_rinp.htm (October 2003)
Leach, Bernard. Kenzan and his tradition;: The lives and times of Koetsu, Sotatsu, Korin, and Kenzan. Transatlantic Arts (1967). ASIN: B0006BPM10
Mizuo, Hiroshi. Edo Painting: Sotatsu and Korin (Heibonsha Survey of Japanese Art). Art Media Resources (1972). ISBN 0-8348-1011-5
Saunders, Rachel. "Le Japon Artistique: Japanese Floral Pattern Design of the Art Nouveau Era. From the Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston." Chronicle Books (2010). ISBN 978-0-8118-7276-8
Stern, Harold P. Rinpa Masterworks of the Japanese Decorative School. The Japan Society (1971). ASIN B0000EEBUB
Stanley-Baker, Joan (1984). "Japanese Art." London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.
Akiyama, Terukazu Japanese Painting. New York: Rizzoli, 1977.
Mason, Penelope History of Japanese Art. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
Murase, Miyeko Bridge of Dreams: The Mary Griggs Burke Collection of Japanese Art.. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000.
Murase, Miyeko Masterpieces of Japanese Screen Painting: The American Collections. New York: G. Braziller, 1990.
These related Museum Bulletin or Journal articles may or may not represent the most current scholarship.
Ford, Barbara Brennan "The Arts of Japan." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v. 45, no. 1 (Summer, 1987).
JSTOR | PDF | Supplemental PDFs
"Exhibitions [at MMA, 1972]." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v. 30, no. 5 (Apri–May, 1972)
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