Landscape Sansui Ga-click
here to go to the Sansui Ga scroll pages
These scrolls show the Japanese artists immense
skill with painting of landscapes and the feeling to a room will
depend on the background subject .
Sansui (Sansuiga) Landscape painting:
painting) is a genre of the picture which developed in China. san means yama (mountains), sui means mizu(river), ga means
a picture. The style of landscape painting tried to create a
reproduction of real scenery, but there is much "created
scenery" "image scenery" which constituted scenery elements such
as the mountains / trees / rocks / rivers to enhance the
realism of the scene.
Although Japanese scenery paintings were influenced by Chinese
art there was not a word for "Fukeiga (the
Chinese word for Fukei or
scenery)". The development of the landscape picture assumed a
natural view of the scene and was called "a landscape
painting". However, while taking in such techniques, a lot of
Japanese painters of landscape base their images on a sense of
beauty , Wabi Sabi-a harmonious setting and design, rather than
the conventional Chinese landscape image.
(Landscape painting) :
Sansuiga (landscape painting) is a genre of the picture which
developed in China through the early Sung Dynasty and when that
arrived in the 19th Century started to be more representative of
traditional scenic views. Often hung in homes at certain times
of the year, the Landscape painting of China usually had
descriptions or poems about the view.
The word san means yama (mountains), sui means mizu (river), gameans
a picture. There is the work which aimed at reproduction of real
scenery, but there is also "created scenery" "image scenery"
which constituted scenery elements such as the mountains / trees
/ rocks / rivers by realism again. Artistic licence. Taking an
existing scene and enhancing it in a way that would attract the
buyer to place this on the wall of their home. but more than
this it was a representation of a spiritual place. Mountains
where spirits reigned, hidden valleys full of myths and legends.
The art of Japan has a powerful Chinese influence. There was
originally no word for simply "Fukeiga (Fukei=scenery-ga=Picture)".
The picture which assumed a representation of natural scenery
was simply called "a landscape painting". Originally "Sansuiga(landscape
painting)" began as spiritual world expression to be based on a
legendary Chinese hermit with miraculous powers of thought.. On
the other hand, the Meiji era began, and the words of "scenery"
became established with the full-scale introduction of Western
paintings. In "Fukeiga (Scenery)",the
eyes of the naturalism or realism assumed a form that was
different from a conventional "Sansuiga (landscape
painting)" the basis of the landscape scenery style of painting
were incorporated, and natural reproduction by a rational
technique was aimed at the subject matter of the art work..
However, while taking in such techniques, some of the
traditional Japanese landscape painting became based on a sense
of beauty of the subject matter rather than the actual image
itself. So floating clouds and misty forests, cool waterfalls
and scented glades became the holy grail of the Japanese
Landscape painter of scrolls.. The scroll therefore does not
have to be as detailed as a western landscape but rather an
impression, a feeling of what the viewer is looking at. A
successful landscape scroll delivers this. The waterfall should
make you feel cool ad the forest should suggest the smell of
damp leaves and birdsong and the mountain should make you feel
that you become part of the birds flying below the cold peaks.
Viewing a Japanese landscape scroll relies on the viewer
relaxing and becoming one with the scene. For
more information on Japanese and Asian art read this-click
These magnificent antique hand painted
works of art show the Japanese style of painting at its very
best. Some of these scrolls are very old and I have spent many
years researching and locating the very best in genuine Antique
Scrolls. In a few cases I have had scroll mounts restored on
the scrolls where these have deteriorated, However the
restoration has been done by professional Scroll restorers and
the original paintings have not been altered in any way.
Landscape by Bario